Diabetes is a disease that can affect fertility and may also be associated with other types of reproductive problems. This disease therefore could be a source or an aggravating factor of infertility in both men and women.
In diabetic women, insulin resistance can lead to alterations in ovulation, which is more frequently observed in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. This irregularity of spontaneous ovulation can make it more difficult to achieve pregnancy.
On the other hand, it is often associated with obesity, which is another cause of infertility in both men and women.
Insulin, an ally in life and in female reproduction
Before this disease could be treated with insulin, achieving pregnancy was extremely complicated for a woman with diabetes mellitus. “Hyperglycemia triggers a series of events that make pregnancy difficult, so a diabetic woman without insulin treatment in the twentieth century had a high risk of infertility,” explains Dr. Elena Labarta, Reproductive Medicine Specialist at IVI Valencia and coordinator of the Endocrine and Physiological Reproductive Foundations course.
“Fortunately, today we have the appropriate treatment to improve the lives of women with diabetes at all ages, including the reproductive years. It is very important to care for this type of patient during the pre-conceptional stage to guarantee reproductive success and during the pregnancy to control any possible imbalances,” adds Dr. Labarta.
Male Diabetes and its reproductive prognosis
Due to metabolic changes in the male body, male diabetes can result in testicular damage as well as a lower sperm count and quality, ejaculation disorders and erectile disfunction. This is why it is of utmost importance to control this disease from the moment it is discovered.
“Diabetes can be a hereditary disease that develops at a very young age, but it may also be an acquired pathology, due to external factors such as a poor diet. It is important to educate society, especially the youngest generations, on the importance of avoiding these types of pathologies that cause infertility and many other complications throughout life,” concludes Dr. Labarta.
Endocrine and physiological reproductive foundations
At IVI Global Education, we have developed a course on the Endocrine and Physiological Reproductive Foundations. This course examines the male and female reproductive system anatomies as well as reproductive physiology. It also explains the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis that regulates the functions of the reproductive system.
The objective is to study the age factor in both men and women as well as other factors that could negatively affect fertility including obesity or pathologies such as polycystic ovary syndrome.
If you are interested in this type of training course and contents, register here.